The society has experienced plenty of disasters during the decade’s worldwide. The more harm a disaster cause, the less communication means you have to rescue yourself and your family.
Official communication is the main source of information which defines the further actions which are urgent not only for health but also for life. Quick and qualitative spreading of information is crucial and not always reachable. Is modern humanity protected from disinformation?
Are we protected enough using modern, innovative systems? Is there a risk of becoming a prisoner of an unexpected situation?
Types of disasters
There are various means of rescuing planning and communication depending on the type of catastrophe. Each reaction has its planning and informing systems. The time is priceless. Grabbing a handbag with documents and survival supplies in one situation is enough for fire alarms, but not enough for earthquakes. Informing the society is the first step of every emergency situation.
The alarm systems are critical for such countries as Mexico, Japan, Russia, India, China, the US and other. In the US there is a program called ShakeAlert developed for the west coast. This program is successfully implemented in such countries like Spain and England. The communication plan saves a million lives.
Earthquake early warning forces the drop, cover and hold on reactions. It provides people with time to get away from dangerous machines and chemicals, shut down gas and electric supply lines, stop rail and road traffic, prevents places from landings, stops surgeries, and get emergency personnel to be ready to respond.
Public education plays an important role in preventing damages. Even in The Age of Technogy when probably essay birdie writers can help with any issue, we can`t deny the power of public education. For example, in Japan, there are regular training signals which make people react appropriately. There is also a museum which helps to realize the importance of the first response.
The blizzard emergency alert system blocks any device in the US. It sends creepy sound and informative signals to all electronic devices in the house including machines, mobile phones, TVs, laptops, computers and other. National weather service exists since 1870 and provides citizens with the climatic conditions and dangers right on time.
The warning comes within 36 hours. It provides proper with enough time to prepare necessary survival equipment and get ready for the severe weather conditions. The warning comes into forth under conditions of 3-7 inches of snow and 35 mph wind. The warning signals are implemented due to the NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards.
The alert is important for cities located close to mountains and ski resources. The system was difficult to implement because of the difficulty in forecasting the danger of avalanche. In Switzerland, it works by measuring the air and the ground temperature every half an hour and calculating the possibility of the snow melting.
The warnings are sent to skiers in early stages to prevent the riding in dangerous areas. There is another system that prevents avalanche which is called the method of artificial avalanche release. It works since 1950 th and prevents the big damages caused by the disaster. It is recommended to have a means of communication and necessary equipment before traveling the dangerous areas.
There are three different types of hurricane warnings. The lowest one prevents tropical storm and hurricanes within 48 hours. It is necessary to prepare the house or apartment and a plan of evacuation. The middle warning is broadcasted in 36 hours and encourage people within the area to leave the safety zone by local regulations. Extreme hurricane warning of wind or major hurricane above 115 mph takes place only in an hour before it happens.
The people who are located in the dangerous areas
are asked to find immediate shelters. To be informed and to avoid the danger it is crucial to stay updated in accordance to NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards. The local TV, radio and other media are also useful for preventing a catastrophe.
Flood is easy to forecast but hard to predict. Together with the cooperation of educated people, it is possible to save lives and low damages. The alarm takes place when the risk of 7 to 13 inches of rainfall is expected. Individuals who hear the alarm are to leave their vehicles because most of the deaths occur within cars during a flood.
Due to the simplicity in forecasting, it is not crucial to have a particular radio or a portable transmitter in order not to miss the alarm. You will have enough time to prepare yourself for a disaster or leave the area of danger. People are recommended to stay tuned to NOAA Weather Radio.
As a rule, each thunderstorm is guided by a strong wind and rain. To stay protected it is necessary to find protective structure right after the broadcast radio alarm. Avoid staying under a tree or next to the other person. It is safer to keep distance in 20-30
meters with other individuals if you appeared to be outside.
The backpack with a metal frame can high the risk, hence it is better to leave it and continue looking for an appropriate shelter. It is also safe to hide inside a car without touching any metal doors or roof. The radio and landline phones during the thunderstorm are also strictly forbidden. Leaning the concrete walls is also a bad idea. When a shelter is not reachable, it is necessary to lean as low as possible and avoid solitary trees.
An emergency situation can be caused by a tornado alarm. The preventive measures are similar: people have to listen to the radio regularly and check the forecast. With the danger of a tornado, it is important to be prepared for evacuation. Hopefully, there are special devices which can predict a tornado and not all of the dangerous points are equipped with necessary alarm systems.
The device transmits a signal of VHF radio frequencies by the National Weather Service. A tornado alerts are spread all over the potentially dangerous areas both over the radio and loudspeakers. To keep yourself and your family safe find a shelter and avoid any bridges. Inform members of your family properly about the actions and always keep a first aid kit.
Tsunami is one of the most dangerous disasters because it is not easy to forecast. The world worst tsunamis killed millions of people in Japan, Sri Lanka, China, and the US. The biggest problem was an early determining of a natural catastrophe and lack of time for evacuating people. Today the forecast systems are working better, and it is possible to receive an alert within up to 24 hours before the tragedy.
The only prevention method in the case of a tsunami is an immediate evacuation. Disasters can also be avoided by the appropriate preparation and informing. Go as far and as high as possible. Prepare an emergency kit which includes water, radio with batteries, food in cans, and necessary medications. Make a plan of reaching the next red cross or hospital. It is also necessary to learn the basics of first aid.
Wildfire is also hard to predict. The fire is spreading very fast which means you have not much time for making the right decision. First of all, inform yourself about a situation in an area you are going to travel. Second of all, you may also want to know the weather conditions and a probability of a wildfire. Stay always tuned to follow the situation with a danger of the fire.
The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is preventing fires in the EU area and monitor the situation. The most dangerous areas are Spain, Portugal, and Corsica. In Southern California, another system is implemented. Redhorse is tracking the location due to 24 cameras, software and other tools to detect in early stages and prevent wildfires.
The areas with volcano alerts have four color system. The first one is green which means normal activity; the yellow one means minor eruptions and danger in the area close to the crater. The orange color means that the eruption has grown from moderate to large and the risk spread to the mainstream valleys.
Red is the most dangerous level which means an enormous eruption is possible within 24 hours. The safety tips for volcano eruptions include immediate evacuation. If not possible then always keep goggles and masks in a safety kit. It is also important to have enough gas in a car and plan the route to the next safe place. National Geographic offers a full guide to the first response to an eruption.
The communication plan
Each of the disasters has its strict regulative bodies who provide people with an updated information and reach them within all methods possible. If the situation is critical, you will receive an alert to your mobile, TV, radio, pager, machine and portable transmitter. It is always useful to have a radio with batteries. When planning a hiking, climbing, skiing, or touristic tour to wild places, it is crucial to spend time for proper preparation.
Portable transmitter and radio is an absolute must. Depending on the area it is necessary to prepare the adoptive rescue kit with all the necessary tools and medications. Another important aspect is education which includes the knowledge about the first aid, knowledge of the area and dangers there, knowledge of the proper kit gathering and other. In other words be safe and tuned.